Drought in Bushehr threatens livelihood of many Iranians
Iran is one of the countries that is facing serious problems in providing its required water. Although climate conditions, climate change, and the warming of the region Iran is located in has affected the lack of water, over the past decades the water problem has turned into a crisis due to mismanagement.
Generally, people’s perception of a drought is dry and cracked land without greenery. This is while drought can have severe consequences, including economic, agricultural, employment and cultural issues and can also lead to a social crisis.
Bushkan, Kalameh, and Ahrom-e Tangeh Arm are some of the towns in Bushehr that face the severest droughts and have been struggling with it for years. The wells that used to have water at 20 meters in the past 10 years, no longer yield water at 120 meters.
Due to the loss of vegetation, livestock feed on dates. Farmers suffer from severe economic problems due to the loss of agricultural land and are struggling with livelihood issues. Lack of agricultural production has led to the migration of indigenous peoples to other parts of the country, to the extent that in villages in the Ahrom region, what used to be a village of more than 1000 families, has now decreased to less than 100 families in the past 10 years. The migration rate has also caused various problems for immigrants and their hosts in different areas. (Mehr state-run News Agency – Apr. 12, 2018)