The U.N. independent expert on human rights in Iran urged Tehran on Wednesday to abolish the death penalty for juveniles.
“I appeal to the Iranian authorities to abolish the practice of sentencing children to death, and to commute all death sentences issued against children in line with international law,” Javaid Rehman, special rapporteur for human rights in Iran, told a General Assembly human rights committee.
Iran is one of only four countries known to have executed child offenders since 2013.
At least 85 individuals arrested as minors, are known to be on death row. They include, Mohammad Kalhori, Hamid Ahmadi, Abolfazl Naderi, Babak Pouladi, Mohammad Khazaian, Pouria Tabaie, Mohammad Salehi, Mehdi Bohlouli, Mohammad Reza Haddadi and Saleh Shariati.
In contrast to the international law, retrials of juvenile offenders pursuant to Article 91 of the 2013 Islamic Penal Code result in renewed death sentences following arbitrary assessments of their “maturity” at the time of the crime.
Article 6.5 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states that death sentence “shall not be imposed for crimes committed by persons below eighteen years of age.”
Iranian authorities detain death-row child offenders until they pass their 18th birthday and then they execute them.
JUVENILE DEATH ROW
In 2018 alone, five individuals convicted of murder when they were minors have executed in Iran. Zeinab Sekaanvand, who was accused of killing her husband when she was 17, was executed three weeks ago.
Rehman said: “Claims that she was coerced into confessing to the killing, had been beaten following her arrest and was a victim of domestic violence were reportedly not adequately examined during her trial.”
Despite amendments made to the Islamic Penal Code in 2013 that allow judges to give alternative sentences for juvenile offenders in certain circumstances, executions continue unabated in Iran.
Rehman said that “numerous” other juvenile offenders were on death row in Iran.
Rehman took up his post in July, but the Iranian authorities have not yet allowed him to visit the country in order to observe the human rights situation for himself, saying that they reject his mandate entirely.
Rehman has expressed serious concerns about human rights in Iran, especially the fate of arrested protesters and the rights of women.
Iran has been awash with protests since December, when the failing economy, high unemployment, the rising cost of living, sparked massive social discontent.
Shortly after the demonstrations began, at least 50 people were shot dead in the streets and 8,000 were arrested and threatened with the death penalty.
Rehman said: “I remain concerned about the fate of those arrested during the protests, and call upon the government to ensure that all those imprisoned for peacefully exercising their freedom of opinion and expression are released.”
While the rights of women and girls also need vast improvements, with one particular issue highlighted this year being the mandatory veiling of women.
Rehman said: “Any form of coercion on women violates their rights. So, enforcement and forced dress code, thereby, is contrary to international human rights law.”